Cardiac output

State in which the amount of blood pumped by the heart has not decreased enough to adequately cover the needs of body tissues.

Related factors:

– Changes in pre-load, after-load or inotropic state of a heart.

– Disturbance of rate, rhythm or conduction.


– Changes in hemodynamic structures.


– Fatigue.

Cyanosis, oliguria, anuria, decreased peripheral pulses and moist skin.

– Rales.

– Dyspnea.

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