Altered gas exchange

State in which an individual experiences an imbalance between oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide removal.

Related factors:

– Altered oxygen supply.

– Changes in the alveolar-capillary membrane.

– Impaired blood flow.

– Alteration of the oxygen carrying capacity in the blood.


– Confusion.

– Drowsiness.

– Restlessness.

– Irritability.

– Inability to clear secretions.

– Hypercapnia.

– Hypoxia.

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